A new Chancellor, a new age?

New Chancellor Phillip Hammond has made clear his intentions for the future of fiscal policy in the UK, deciding to scrap George Osbourne’s failing long term plans dating back to 2010 of achiving a fiscal surplus, for which he consistently pushed back his set deadline. Does this mean the years of austerity are finally over?

Hammond announced his intentions to invest around £2bn into housing to build 40000 homes by 2020. However, Hammond did make clear that since the Brexit vote, the UK faces a future of uncertainty, and these changing times require a change in policy. He did not criticise Osbourne since his policies were right for the times, but now we require more expansionary policy. However, this does not mean there won’t be cut backs in future, since the budget is ‘eye-wateringly large’, Hammond must keep a close eye on this as well.

Hammonds plans to invest into housing will be beneficial in the long term of the UK economy. In the short-term the increase in employment helps to stabilise the economy, encouraging further spending, which is required to offset the likely drop in spending due to uncertainty of Brexit. In the long term, infrastructure will help to improve the productivity in the UK and will hopefully help us compete more on international markets.

With Theresa May announcing the intention to invoke article 50 by March 2017, the need for more expansionary policy became clear, with austerity policy may do more harm than good in current economic conditions. Saying this is contrary to growth statistics since the brexit vote which have been surprisingly postive, but hard times ahead are expected. Nevertheless, Brexit negotiations will likely have a greater impact on the future of the UK economy than fiscal policy in the years to come, with the hope than the UK can negotiate some trade deals which will ensure the preservance of the UK export markets and FDI.

Have we been abandoned politically?


First David Cameron, then Boris Johnson and now Nigel Farage. Did things just get too difficult or have these political leaders stepped down for good reason?

It was generally believed before the referendum that David Cameron would step down in the event of a leave vote. In my opinion he had little other choice but to resign since he would not have been the right person to negotiate terms to take our country out of the EU, after all he himself had wanted to remain. It makes sense that someone who had campaigned to leave would take on leadership of the country.

Boris, for example. Oops?

In a shocking turn of events Boris Johnson announced he would not be running in the Conservative Party leadership race, having previously been the favourite to succeed David Cameron. Why did he step down? He simply didn’t believe he was up to the job, having discussed this with his colleagues, however having led the country out of the European Union, I feel he has some responsibility to the country in helping us get out of this perceived mess that he arguably caused. Nevertheless, he left when the going got tough, so perhaps we’re better off without him. Instead, from the leave campaign, we’ve been left with Michael Gove, who doesn’t even have the backing of his peers, with the majority believing Theresa May will make the best successor. Gove, previously saying he did not want to be PM surprisingly decided to enter the race instead of Boris. It is my belief that the Tory Leave campaigners believed he was a better candidate to represent the Leave side rather than Boris who has been exposed far too much in the media for example his rugby antics in Japan, getting stuck on a zip wire in London and his backwards basketball shot. These are not actions of a Prime Minister. Can you imagine if Boris Johnson and Donald Trump were the leaders of two superpowers?

Now we come to Nigel Farage. What is there to say? He embarrassed himself at the EU Commission last week, not helping the UK’s position in its negotiations and now he has resigned as UKIP leader, claiming he has done what he planned to do. All I have to say is he’s left the job half done, abandoned ship before it got any worse. Instead of developing a plan for leaving the EU, they just campaigned to leave and now left the job to get the country back on track to everyone else. Pathetic. Irresponsible.

These MP’s have left the country out to dry. Making false promises which they instantly went back on and now resigning before the are required to implement any change, which they know they can’t do. They promised we would get our country back, but I’m not sure I want it back now that it’s falling apart. It only thanks to the Bank of England that we’re still afloat. Today they reduced banking restrictions freeing up around £150bn for lending and 8 banks have also agreed with George Osborne to extend government spending if necessary.

Therefore, tough times ahead still seem inevitable, despite the best efforts of the bank, no thanks to our leading politicians.

Brexit. What will happen now?

I’m sure I wasn’t the only one sitting up to watch the results of the EU referendum being unravelled last night, slowly watching the leave campaign edge ahead but still not facing the reality that we would actually leave the European Union. Looking at the breakdown of the results, younger generations tended to vote to remain in the EU whilst it was the older generations who voted to leave. Whilst I know this is a generalisation it does seem a little unfair that older generations get to vote on our future, we have now lost access to live and work in all EU countries freely, severely limiting our opportunities.


Nevertheless, what an eventful day it has been, David Cameron has resigned, Mark Carney has pledged to take measures to ensure the financial sector remains stable, willing to provide an extra £250 billion to banks if they run short on reserves. Nicola Sturgeon has said another Scottish independence referendum is on the table. Nigel Farage has already gone back on promises.

Watching the results coming in live from different constituencies last night saw Sterling fluctuate largely with it. This highlights the uncertainty in the British economy as no one really knows what will happen now. It was expected that Sterling would depreciate with a Brexit vote and that’s just what happened, the GBP depreciated to a 30 year low, a lot due to speculators making money though I imagine.

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As seen, the drop off was due to the Brexit decision, but due to Carney’s and the Bank of England’s speech, Sterling began to recover once again, however it might be a while before it gets back to where it once was. The stock markets have been crashing all day, worldwide. Stock exchanges in Europe have suffered worse than the UK, still waiting to see the effect on the NYSE when it opens.

Before the referendum I said there would be a recession if we were to leave the EU, this is still to be seen, however I believe that the economy will be able to cope better than expected due to the Bank of England and Treasury response, although the UK inevitably has some tough times ahead.

In my previous blog post I mentioned the Leave campaigns false promises. Almost instantly UKIP’s Farage proved me right. On ITV’s This Morning programme he said he can’t guarantee the NHS will benefit from the £350m saved from EU membership. Just one promise that the leave campaign can no longer claim to be true. I hope promises of free trade deals with the EU will not be broken. The UK could be in a very difficult situation in the coming years.

With David Cameron’s resignation there is now big talk about who will be the next Prime Minister. I think Boris Johnson or Theresa May must be the front runners to lead the Conservative Party. Boris made a political move to back the Leave campaign knowing he would be in a favourable position to lead if there were a Brexit. May, on the other hand, kept convenient quiet throughout the campaigns but has the experience in the cabinet to be a great leader. It will be an interesting race. Regardless of who wins, they will have a large task on their hands to ensure the future of Britain remains bright. There is the need to make new trade deals, ensure the financial sector (Britain’s largest industry) remains strong, ensure the NHS is secure and improved as well keeping all other promises made during the leave campaign.

Now we have voted to leave the EU, I fear for the future of the EU and the free movement of people, goods and services. Many great leaders have worked so hard to make this single market and a greater union for the greater good of all countries. However now the UK has left I fear we may ‘open the floodgates’ for many other countries to now want to leave, restricting the ability for the single market to work. If this were to happen, the future for Europe as a whole could be very dark.

The unity of Europe isn’t the only worry. The UK itself is at risk of being split up with remain votes being dominant in Scotland and in Northern Ireland. This could bring a desire to campaign for independence referendums. I predict Scotland will become independent within the next few years since it is unfair to take them out of Europe when Brexit votes came mostly from England and Wales.

I hope I’m wrong about the future of the UK and Europe. However, it may turn out that the UK may bite back at the many people who voted leave as a rebellion against big institutions and the government or voted for the false promises from the leave side. Yesterday was a once in a lifetime decision and now the population be forced to suffer.

The EU Referendum, media coverage and should we stay or should we go?


Todays BBC headline reads ‘’David Beckham backs EU Remain vote’’, this is typical of the type of journalism that surrounds this debate, with less on the reasons for either side of the argument but more on the people who back the remain or leave campaigns. While I don’t doubt such celebrity endorsements can be used effectively by each sides campaign I worry that such articles will convince the British people to vote either way for the wrong reasons. Additionally, YouGov conducted research on how people thought fictional characters might vote in the EU referendum and all I can think is ‘who cares?’.

The campaigns have become too focused on people, but not ‘the people’ who matter, us. It is our everyday lives that will be effected by the result of the referendum so it is important that come Thursday 23 June you go out to vote for what you believe. This is a once in a lifetime vote. In this post I will discuss the important matters to give you a guide of what could happen if we vote each way. Personally I will be voting to remain in the EU, but on either side there is uncertainty of what the outcome will be.

National Sovereignty. The leave campaign claim that the UK gets bossed around by Brussel’s, however since 1999 the UK has been on the winning side of decisions 2466 compared to being outvoted just 56 times (just 2.27% of decisions). Although some UK laws are made in Brussels and other member states can force through laws against the UK’s wishes, this is rarely the case. Even so, Britain retains a veto in many important areas and additionally Cameron’s EU deal allows national parliaments to block EU legislation.

Immigration. As mentioned in a previous post, most peoples concerns over immigration are shown to be wrong as in total EU migration helps to benefit the UK economy. However, as I am from the East Midlands I understand many concerns as I have seen first hand ghettos forming within this country, driving out many UK natives as they are being ‘overrun’. Nevertheless, I believe the free movement of people within the EU and being part of this would be better for the UK.

Trade. Currently, as a member of the EU we can trade freely with other member states, with around half of the UK’s overseas trade with Europe. If we were to leave the EU, it is likely this trade would reduce, causing some firms to struggle and the likely result is higher unemployment. The leave campaign points to other countries which trade freely with the EU without being a member state, for example the Swiss model. However, such a transformation for the UK not guaranteed as trade deals cannot be made overnight and there are many risks that high EU trade barriers could become a problem for UK export industries. Not forgetting likely higher prices for imported goods, reducing overall consumer welfare. So there is too much uncertainty for trade if we were to leave for my liking.

Uncertainty. In this run up to the referendum uncertainty is high. Will we leave? What happens if there is a Brexit? What will the future hold? Simple economics can tell you that uncertainty can lead to a slowing economy through a fall in spending and investment as no one really knows what will happen in the future. Q2 growth in the UK is expected to fall to 0.2% from 0.4% in Q1 due to the uncertainty of the referendum result. If we vote to leave the EU, the future will be uncertain, it is likely that growth will slow further. This link http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/0260242c-370b-11e6-9a05-82a9b15a8ee7.html#axzz4CDpif0Pv gives an excellent explanation of the possible consequences a Brexit might have.

Therefore, while I have not covered every possible topic up for debate in this referendum, I hope I have provided a clearer understanding as to the reasons why some people want to leave or stay in the EU. The only thing that we know is that the future is uncertain, whether we leave or stay with high political pressure on both sides. In my view, we should stay in the European Union as we gain more from it than we contribute and the future if we leave is uncertain with many promises that will be broken from the leave campaign.